Jun 142018
 
when to plant peas how to grow garden peas

When to Plant Peas.  First of all you need to dig your pea patch as early as the ground can be worked in the spring. When turning the soil, you need to work in generous amounts of organic material such as rotted manure, compost, leaf mold or old hay. For dwarf peas, you dig a flat-bottomed furrow only about 2 inches deep, and 3-4 inches wide. For the tall varieties, which will need a trellis of some sort for support, you need to make the furrow 10 inches wide, set the support in the center, and plant a row of peas on each side. You can also grow tall peas to go up a fence. If you don’t want to bother with a trellis, you can try planting a double row of peas, these will support each other as the vines grow. This method will work best only with moderately tall plants that grow to only about 18 inches. The high climbing peas, 2 1/2 – 3 feet tall, will need extra support.

Your trellis, if you use one, should be set up before planting. Almost any type of support will work: chicken wire, a lightweight plastic mesh purchased from a garden center, or you can set up rows of string expanding between two posts. A rough trellis can be made from several tall, twiggy branches that are staked close together for the entire length of the row.

So when to plant peas for maximum growth?  And how should you grow garden peas.  Just before planting your seeds, cover the bottom of the trench with a low-nitrogen fertilizer, about 2 ounces for every 10 feet of row, mixed with the soil. A good idea before sowing, dust the pea seeds with a soil inoculant, which is a nitrogen-fixing bacterial culture that will increase the plants’ ability to add nitrogen to the soil. You can purchase this product on-line or at a garden center.

Sow the pea seeds an inch apart and 2 inches deep. In preventing the birds from eating the seeds, you want to cover the rows with plastic netting or use a mesh of string until the peas have sprouted. When the seedlings reach approximately 3 inches high, you want to mound some soil around the stems for support. As plants start growing taller, hook their climbing tendrils around the support you provided.

Peas need quite a bit of moisture, and mulching the rows is an excellent way to both retain moisture and hold down the weeds. Check the soil occasionally to make sure it isn’t dry, if so, water when necessary. Because peas are vulnerable to fungous disease, only water the plants at the soil level, this way the leaves won’t get wet.

When the plants reach 6-8 inches in height, spread a bit of 5-10-10 fertilizer on both sides of each row, approximately 5 ounces per 10 feet of row. In order to avoid fertilizer burn, try not to spill fertilizer granules on the leaves.

If the vines should start to trail away from their support, you can tie them against it with long, narrow strips of cloth or a few pieces of soft twine. Peas taste best if you pick them while they are young and tender. Tough specimens are caused by leaving them on the vine one or two days too long.  When to Plant Peas.  If you harvest on a regular basis, you will pick the peas when they are just at their prime. Check the lowest pods first and often, because they mature first. Also if mature pods are left on the vine they serve as a sort of signal to the plant to halt production.

Garden peas should be picked when the pods are well filled, but the peas are not yet hard. Edible-pod peas are ready for eating when the pods just begin to swell. If you wait until the pea shapes start showing through the pod, the pods will be much too tough to eat. If snow peas are left too long on the vine, you can still shell and cook them as you do green peas.

Peas must be harvested with care, hold the vine with one hand and pick the pod off with other. Otherwise you run the risk of removing part of the plant.

Remember, peas are heavy feeders and whatever they take out of the soil must be replaced, particularly if you are planning a succession crop in your existing pea patch. When the harvest is over, you can pull up the plants and put them in the compost pile if you have one; or you can dig them directly into the soil. Fertilizing the soil and adding more compost is a must if you are planting another crop in the pea patch.

If there is a large amount of peas on the vine, near the end of harvesting season, you may want to dry those that you cannot use right away.To do so, just leave the pods on the vine until the peas are hard. Then you can pick, shell and dry them in the oven on low for half an hour. Afterwards store them in jars. If keeping them over winter, place jars in a dry place to prevent mold from forming.

Aug 172017
 
planting perennials when to plant and which to perennials to choose

My passion is to bring you information and answer your questions on everything related to the garden, from garden table and chairs to garden table and chairs. Please leave a comment on the article below and I’ll reply just as soon as I can. Planting Perennials – When to plant, and which to perennials to choose.

If you’ve been growing a vegetable garden for a while, you might be feeling slightly disgruntled at how plain it is to look at. I too began my gardening career with a vegetable garden, but I decided that it wasn’t quite as pleasing to look at as I would have liked. I heard from a friend that the use of perennial flowers could be a great way to liven up my garden without adding any extra work for me.

Perennial flowers are strong, local flowers that come back every year without having to replant or do any extra work. During their off seasons, the flowers and stems die back and you can hardly even tell the plant is there (rather than just dying and looking like hideous brown clumps in your garden). When it’s time to bloom, entirely new flowers shoot up where the old ones were.

Before deciding whether to put in perennials or not, you need to make sure that your soil has proper drainage. If the water stays saturated for long periods of time, you should build a raised bed. To test, dig a hole and fill it with water. Wait a day, and then fill it with water again. All traces of water should be gone within 10 hours. If the hole isn’t completely dry, you will need to build a raised bed.

Picking your perennials can be a complicated process. The goal should be to have them flowering as much as possible during the year, so you should create an outline of the year. Research the different types of flower you want, and create a timeline of flowering. If you plan it right, you can have a different type of flower blooming at any point in the year. Getting just the right mixture of seeds can give your yard a constantly changing array of colours.

When you go to buy the seeds from your local florist or nursery, you might be able to find a custom seed mixture for your area. This takes the really tough research part out of the job. Usually these blends are optimized for the local climate, and do great jobs of having flowers always grow in your yard. If one of these isn’t available, you can ask the employees what they think would be a good mixture. They should be happy to help you put something together which will be optimal for whatever you desire.

You should definitely use mulch when planting perennials. This will reduce the overall amount of work you have to do, by reducing the amount of weeds and increasing the water retention. Bark or pine needles work great, I have found, and depending on the rest of your yard you might have them on hand at no charge. As for fertilizer, you should use it sparingly once your plants start to come to life.

When you actually go to plant the seeds, you should put them in small, separate clumps according to the directions. This is because they tend to spread out, and if you have too many too close together then they will end up doing nothing but choking each other out. As you plant them, throw in a little bit of extremely weak fertilizer. In no time at all you should start to see flowers blooming up.

That’s all I have time for today. Hopefully its useful in learning a little more on perrenials. If you are interested in finding out more on flower selection, seeds etc sign up to our mailing list. If would like to buy then click to today I’ve found a fantastic special offer on funny garden meerkats.